« Back to Level 3 Pearson BTEC Award in Education & Training

Job holders in this unit group drive diesel, diesel-electric, electric and steam locomotives that transport passengers and goods on surface and underground railways, and transport passengers in trams.


  • Checks controls, gauges, brakes and lights before start of journey and studies route, timetable and track information
  • Checks safety equipment, regulates the heating of passenger compartments and records engine defects or unusual incidents on the journey
  • Starts train or tram when directed and operates controls to regulate speed
  • Watches for track hazards, observes signals and temperature, pressure and other gauges
  • Stops as directed to allow passengers to embark/ disembark
  • Makes scheduled stops for the loading and unloading of freight and coupling/uncoupling of carriages and tubs
  • Maintains radio contact with control centre
  • May make passenger announcements and controls automatic doors
  • May check travel passes, collect fares and deal with passenger queries.

Entry Requirements

There are no formal academic requirements. Entrants must pass a series of tests and a medical examination. Age restrictions apply in some areas of work. Good hearing, good eyesight and normal colour vision are required. Off- and on-the-job training is provided. NVQs/SVQs are available at Level 2.

What could I earn?

Salaries for this occupation tend to start at £22,000 per annum and can progress up to £62,000 per annum.

Is it in growth or decline?

There are currently 4,075 employed Train & Tram Drivers in the region.